New molecules against lung cancer.

New molecules against lung cancer

The lung cancer also called: Mesothelioma

The team of Dr. Janne of the Institute against cancer Brigham Hospital Boston has uncovered new molecules that can treat treatment-resistant forms of lung cancer.

The researchers performed tests on mice with non-small cell lung cancer. These types of cancer account for 70 to 80% of all lung cancers found: some carry a specific mutation leading to the production of a protein called epidermal growth factor (EGFR).

There are drugs capable of blocking the action of the receptors of this protein, but genetic mutations have been observed on certain tumors, giving rise to resistance to these treatments. The new molecules developed by Dr. Janne's team attack mutations while inhibiting the production of the protein. The researchers hope that these molecules will be better tolerated than the current inhibitory drugs. They must now prove the effectiveness of their discovery on a human scale but remain very optimistic about its potential.

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How to engage a mesothelioma law suit.

Mesothelioma Lawsuits

Mesothelioma is caused by long term asbestos exposure. In most cases, this exposure could have been prevented. Lawsuits are filed against the people responsible for a person’s exposure. Most lawsuits never make it to trial. Most defendants pay out-of-court settlements. Learn here how to get involved in a law-suit and get high mesothelioma compensation.

Filing a Mesothelioma Lawsuit and Get High Compensation

Lawsuits are time sensitive. This means that there is a limit as to when you can file a successful mesothelioma lawsuit and compensation. Normally the lawsuit is filed in the state in which you were exposed to asbestos. You’ll need to find an asbestos attorney or lawyer who has a license to file a mesothelioma lawsuit in that state. The regulations in each state vary. Your mesothelioma attorney can find out which state (or states in some cases) the lawsuit should be filed.

Mesothelioma lawsuits involve first filing the claim to get compensation, then receiving a response. After the response, there is a discovery phase in which both parties unveil the information regarding your asbestos exposure.

Here are the steps of a typical mesothelioma lawsuit:

  • Preparation
  • Filing
  • Response
  • Discovery
  • Settlement
  • Compensation

Most cases settle out of court. This happens when your attorney negotiates a dollar amount that the defendant is willing to pay (the compensation). If the settlement amount cannot be reached, the case will go to trial.

A jury will determine if you have a case and how much money you should receive. It’s important to note that a favorable trial verdict is not a guarantee. If you receive an unfavorable verdict, the last option is filing an appeal. The defendant can also appeal if you win your verdict.

You should expect that your lawyer will help you at every stage in the process. Each person’s case is unique, but they generally follow roughly the same legal process. Your attorney will do the work for you.

DID YOU KNOW? Most attorneys recommend taking an out-of-court settlement. That’s because you guarantee that you and your family get a sum of money by settling out of court. There’s no guarantee you will receive compensation if your case goes to trial.

Preparing Your Case – Step 1

In the beginning, your attorney will collect all the information necessary to determine if you have a claim. This includes medical records and a history of your past employment and military service. It also includes creating a detailed asbestos exposure history. Even if you aren’t sure where your asbestos exposure came from, your lawyer will help you. Top mesothelioma law firms have resources to determine when and where asbestos exposure happened and for how long.

Your lawyer will evaluate the information you provide and find out which court should be the recipient of your claim. Sometimes, more than one court will receive your claim.


The military isn’t responsible for your disease. It was the manufacturers who were aware of the dangers of their asbestos products. It’s true that army engineers called for asbestos in hundreds of military applications. But it was the asbestos companies that supplied the deadly substance while knowing the risk.

Filing the Complaint – Step 2

Your attorney will need to file a written complaint with the courts within the jurisdiction that the asbestos exposure occurred. This written complaint begins the entire legal process. Your attorney will use the information gathered in preparation to write your complaint.

The Response – Step 3

The defendant or defendants in your lawsuit will get a copy of the written complaint and hire their own lawyers. They have a chance to respond to your complaint by gathering their own information regarding your employment and your health history. After receiving the complaint, the defendant usually has about thirty days to respond. Most of the time, the defendant will deny that they are responsible for your illness and will blame it on something else. Be prepared for this. It is a typical part of legal strategy for defendants in any lawsuit.

Discovery and Collecting Evidence – Step 4

In the discovery stage, the attorneys will start collecting evidence from the asbestos companies. At the same time, the defendants will begin collecting their own evidence. You may be asked questions about your illness and your asbestos exposure by the defendant’s attorneys. Usually there will be written questions, but sometimes you will have to undergo a deposition. Depositions are used to collect evidence. During a deposition you tell the defendant and your lawyer, in words, about your medical history and occupational history. You may be asked to provide information on a video tape. Your attorney will prepare you to answer any potential questions at the deposition.


The legal system doesn’t place many restrictions on what kind of evidence can be collected during discovery. “It must be generally relevant in some way although, technically, courts will allow the parties to ask for anything that is reasonably calculated to lead to discoverable evidence,” according to a LexisNexis Legal Newsroom article.

The discovery process may take several months, but this step can be shortened if you are extremely ill. The defendant’s attorneys will hunt for other reasons why you might have developed mesothelioma. They will ask you questions about your other employers and your health habits. The defendant may ask questions of your co-workers, your doctors, your family and anyone else related to the case.

Settling a Mesothelioma Lawsuit – Step 5

It’s highly unlikely you will have to take the case to a jury trial. By most estimates, over 90 percent of lawsuits settle out of court. The attorneys from the defendant may decide the case is too risky to take to trial. In this case they will offer you a sum of money to settle the case. The attorneys will battle back and forth in order to arrive at a settlement that is satisfactory to both parties. If no settlement can be decided upon, the case will go on to trial.

Mesothelioma Trials – Optional

In this step, the case goes to trial in front of a jury who will decide the outcome of the case. If you win, the jury will decide how much you should receive. On occasion, the trial will just be held in front of a judge who will decide on the case. In both cases, you may have to go to court and testify as to your illness and your occupational history.

The goal of taking your case to court is getting a favorable verdict. The verdict is a decision by a judge or jury on who won the lawsuit. Your lawyer is only likely to let your lawsuit go to trial if there’s no doubt that you will win. Your lawyer may aim for a jury verdict if the defendant has a history of losing cases. Or they might go to court if the settlement offered by the defendant is offensively low. No matter the situation, it is ultimately your decision whether or not the case goes to trial. You can always take the safe route and settle for a guaranteed sum of money.

Appeals – Optional

Regardless of who wins the case, there may be an appeal in which another court is asked to make sure all of the legalities of the case were handled correctly. There is a short period of time before an appeal can be filed, usually between 30 and 160 days. If the higher court upholds the ruling of the lower court and you are owed money, this is when you will receive financial compensation for your mesothelioma cancer.

Should You File a Mesothelioma Lawsuit?

Nearly all mesothelioma patients are victims of corporate neglect. Evidence clearly shows that companies hid the dangers of asbestos from its employees and the public for decades. If you have mesothelioma you should talk to a lawyer about your situation. They can determine if your asbestos exposure history is sufficient to file a winning lawsuit.

Things you should look for in an attorney:

Offers free consultation about your case. Works on contingency fee (you only pay if you get a settlement) Has your best interest in mind, from treatment to family Good mesothelioma lawyers will review your situation and decide which kinds of claims to make. In many cases, mesothelioma patients are eligible for payment from an asbestos trust fund. Find out if there’s trust fund money for you right now.

What is structured settlement

Structured Settlements

A structured settlement is a regular stream of payments granted to the plaintiff in a civil lawsuit. Structured settlements guarantee lifetime income for the injured party.

What Is a Structured Settlement

Structured settlements are simple. Many lawsuits result in someone or some company paying money to another to right a wrong. Those responsible for the wrong may agree to the settlement on their own, or they may be forced to pay the money when they lose the case in court.

If the amount of money is small enough, the wronged party may have the option to receive a lump sum settlement. For larger sums, however, a structured settlement annuity may be arranged.

In this case, the at-fault party puts the money toward an annuity, which is a financial product that guarantees regular payments over time from an insurance company.

The agreement details the series of payments the person who was wronged will receive as compensation for the harm done to them. Spreading the money over a longer period of time offers a better future guarantee of financial security because a single payout can be spent quickly.

Structured settlements gained popularity in the 1980s after the U.S. Congress passed the Periodic Payment Settlement Act. According to the National Structured Settlements Trade Association, almost $6 billion in new structured settlements are issued annually.

How Do Structured Settlements Work? A structured settlement pays out money owed from a legal settlement through periodic payments in the form of a financial product known as an annuity. However, many legal settlements offer a lump-sum payment option, which provides a one-time sum of money. The key differences between both annuity settlement options are the long-term security and the taxes. For example, money received from a personal injury case is almost always tax free when you receive it. However, once the money is yours, you’re liable for taxes and dividends from the lump sum.

There are a number of reasons why an individual may receive a structured settlement.

The most common cases are:

Personal Injury

A personal injury case is a civil case where someone who’s been harmed files a lawsuit seeking money from the person believed responsible for the harm. Money in the form of a structured settlement helps recipient pay for medical expenses or other costs.

Workers’ Compensation

Most people know about workers’ compensation, which pays workers who get injured on the job while they recover. Payments can be used for medical treatment and wage replacement during periods when injured employees are unable to work and other expenses.

Medical Malpractice

In some unfortunate cases, doctors can do more harm than good. In this instance, injured patients or the families of deceased patients can sue for medical malpractice.

Wrongful Death

A structured settlement is also a common way to compensate family members who claim loved ones were victims of wrongful deaths. Families may be entitled to receive a stream of tax-free payments, to replace income after a loved one’s death.

Structured settlements — or structured annuities — are both financial products and legal judgments. While they function somewhat like private assets, they are also subject to complex regulations.

Learn about the process of being awarded a structured settlement annuity as well as the legal protections and advantages on the following pages:

Structured Settlement Payout Options

Compare and contrast the different ways to accept a cash settlement from a lawsuit.

Government Support for Structured Settlements

Learn about how the government uses the tax code to promote their use.

Structured Settlements for Minors

Read about why this type of settlement is typically used in cases involving children.

Payout Options for Structured Settlements

If you elect to receive your lawsuit payout through a structured settlement, you can determine whether to begin to receive the funds immediately or at a later date. Immediate payments can be beneficial if you require medical care, for example, or have lost your source of income. You may decide to postpone the payments until a later time, such as after you retire. During the waiting period, the annuity will grow as it earns interest.

You can also determine whether the annuity should be paid for the rest of your life, no matter how long that may be, or for a specified number of years.

You can also determine when you set up the annuity the schedule for receiving payments and whether the payments should go up or down over time.

Structured Settlement Pros and Cons

Structured annuities are ideally suited for many different types of cases. For additional information on how work, payout options, or how to access your cash ahead of the annuity contract schedule, the Structured Settlements FAQs page can be a beneficial resource.

These scheduled payments offer a number of advantages. When deciding on any financial investment, it is important to understand the benefits along with the risks.

Pros of Structured Settlements

Payments are tax-free. In the event of the recipient’s death, the heir can continue to receive tax-free payments. Payments can be scheduled for almost any length of time and can begin immediately or be deferred for as many years as requested. They can include future lump-sum payouts or benefit increases.

Spreading out payments over time can reduce the temptation to make large, extravagant purchases and guarantees future income. This is especially helpful if the recipient has a medical condition that will require long-term care.

Unlike stocks, bonds and mutual funds, structured settlements do not fluctuate with market changes. Payments are guaranteed by the insurance company that issued the annuity.

A structured settlement often yields, in total, more than a lump-sum payout would because of the interest your annuity may earn over time.

Cons of Structured Settlements

Once terms are finalized, there’s little you can do to alter them if they do not meet your needs. You cannot renegotiate the terms if your financial situation or the overall economy changes.

Funds are not immediately accessible in case of an emergency, and the recipient cannot place a lump-sum payout in other investments that carry higher rates of return.

Tapping into your structured settlement without selling payments will cost you money. You will pay surrender charges and IRS penalties if you withdraw funds before age 59½.

Some parts of a settlement, such as attorney’s fees and punitive damages, can be taxed.

Not all states require insurance companies to disclose their costs to establish a structured settlement or lump-sum annuity. Without this information, a recipient could lose a significant amount of money through administrative fees.

Options for Annuity Owners to Sell Payments

You should carefully consider the terms of your annuity because they can’t be renegotiated after the contract has been issued. That can limit your options if your financial situation changes due unemployment, illnesses or other setbacks.

However, annuity owners may have the option to get cash in advance of their contract schedules. Owners may sell some or all payments to structured settlement buyers. Some buyers may inaccurately refer to these sales as “structured settlement loans.” In reality, they are actually purchasing your settlement, which will effectively halt your regular payments. Such sales must be approved by a judge. The role of the judge is to decide if the sale is in the best interest of the annuity owner.

Other rules may apply depending on the details of your annuity contract and the laws of the state where you live. The Structured Settlement Protection Act of 2002 provides federal guidelines on such transactions.

Annuity owners should carefully consider their options before selling payments. You can learn more at Selling Structured Settlement Payments.

Topics include: The secondary annuity market Key considerations and requirements Selling payments for minors

How to remove asbestos from your house

How to get rid of asbestos safely

You can not get rid of your asbestos waste any manner. The ideal is to burry it.

If asbestos is found, take precautions before removing and disposing of it. Asbestos is dangerous for your health and causes mesothelioma the lung cancer.

Asbestos is still present in many homes, schools, buildings. It is likely to fall on asbestos during renovation or demolition. Multifunctional and cheap, asbestos was very often used in construction as thermal and acoustic insulation.

It is therefore necessary to make the diagnosis and, above all, to take precautions before removing it and throwing it away. Once damaged, asbestos is a serious health hazard.

How to recognize materials containing asbestos

Friable asbestos (free) and non-friable asbestos (bound) are distinguished.

Friable asbestos (or free)

Free asbestos contains fibers that are not physically bound to another material. They are easily released into the air where they are breathed. Free asbestos is very dangerous for your health.

It can be found in insulation of heating or chimney pipes, underlays, attic wall plates, flame retardant plates in boilers and open fires, flat roofing ...

We find it more particularly in the form of flocking.

It is a coating of asbestos fiber sprayed. It was used to protect the metal structures, walls and ceilings of tall buildings from fire hazards. It is still found in many public buildings (schools, sports halls, entertainment, offices, shops ...) or collective (apartments, social housing ...). In private homes, it is more rare. Buildings built after 1979 should not contain flocking asbestos because a decree of 20 March 1978 prohibits the use of free asbestos fibers in this type of application.

It is recognizable by its soft, friable, cottony, white-gray, gray-brown or bluish-gray appearance. In general, its thickness does not exceed 2 to 6 cm.

Flocked asbestos can contain up to 92% of free fibers that can be dispersed in the air with wear and handling. in the form of heat insulation.

It was used to isolate heating elements (hot water pipes, boilers ...). It used asbestos cloths or fabrics, plasterboard and asbestos mixed, shells or asbestos-based cartons, fluffy asbestos ropes ...

Many domestic objects also used woven or spun asbestos: ironing board covers, kitchen gloves, clothes, fireproof aprons ... These objects are likely to release asbestos fibers by being manipulated , rubbed and folded. In the household appliances, until a few years ago, there were asbestos cartons as thermal and electrical insulators (toasters, hair dryers ...). The obligation to mention the presence of asbestos dates only from 1988. Sometimes it is only indicated on the packaging. In case of doubt and if these objects are damaged, we do not hesitate to separate.

Non-friable asbestos (or bound)

As the name implies, bound asbestos is physically linked to another material, often cement or glue. Asbestos cement or Fibrocement is best known under the trade name of the main Belgian manufacturer: Eternit.

It is found in the form of corrugated plate, slates of roof and facade, plates of under-roofing, wall panels, gutters and conduits of evacuation, imitations of marble, supports of windows, planters ... It is also found in certain floor coverings used in the 70s and early 80s: asbestos-based floor tiles, plastics (vinyl, polypropylene or nylon) and lime. The underside of these tiles is gray to light green.

Asbestos cement has been progressively banned since the 1970s and definitely in 1998. It is therefore not found in recent materials.

In asbestos cement, there are fewer asbestos fibers (eg 10% for Eternit plates) and they are strongly bonded. They do not present a danger to health, provided they do not damage them. Care is therefore taken not to break, saw, sand, plan or wash them with high-pressure cleaning (eg to defoil a roof). These unsafe manipulations are likely to release significant amounts of asbestos dust that can poison the handyman and his entourage.

Should we remove asbestos

It is not mandatory to remove asbestos at home. Asbestos is dangerous only if its fibers are released into the air.

If we find free asbestos

It is advisable to remove it, especially if it is damaged, not visible (unprotected) and / or is in a place where it is likely to be damaged (for example in case of passage or work). For that, it is strongly recommended for your health to call on an approved company.

If we find bound asbestos

The health risk is minimal as long as the materials remain intact. We can leave them in place if they are in good condition.

On the other hand, if renovation or demolition work is likely to damage asbestos products, they must be removed first. You can do it yourself, with certain precautions.

Why you should find a layer immediately after mesothelioma diagnosis

Victim of asbestos: how to be compensated?

Directorate of Legal and Administrative Information (Prime Minister Office)

People exposed to asbestos (or their beneficiaries) can obtain compensation for damages caused by this exposure (medical expenses, loss of income ...). The claim must be submitted to the Asbestos Victims Compensation Fund (Fiva), which has the task of examining the files and deciding whether or not to recognize a right to compensation.

Who is concerned ?

Compensation by the Asbestos Victims Compensation Fund (Fiva) is open to mesothelioma or anyone exposed to asbestos, whether their disease is recognized as occupational or non-occupational or to the person entitled (child, spouse, etc.) of a person exposed to asbestos whose death is due to this exposure.

Amount of compensation

The amount of the compensation is fixed by the Fiva, according to each situation.

The purpose of compensation is to enable asbestos victims to receive full compensation for all injuries suffered:

-Medical fees -Loss of income -Employment of a home help -Moral prejudice in case of loss of a loved one

In most case, once you have been diagnosied, chance of survival diminishes very fast.

You should find a lawyers as fast as you can. Negociations with companies are usually very labourious and complicated and long in time. The earlier you begin the better.

How to find the best lawyer to defend my mesothelioma cause


You have been exposed to the dangers of asbestos and have developed pleural plaques, asbestosis or mesothelioma pleural cancer, bronchial cancer, or other health problems specifically related to asbestos exposure.

Your personal injury is mild, moderate or very serious. You want to get a fair compensation for your personal injury as a victim of asbestos.

The victim is dead: you are the right holder. You can obtain compensation for non-pecuniary damage and economic loss.


The legal ways are diverse: true occupational diseases, the affections can reveal an "inexcusable fault" of the employer likely to initiate a action against this last one. Indeed, the only fault of most victims of asbestos is simply having worked for many years, exposed to asbestos while the dangers are known since the beginning of the last century ...

That said, the creation of the FIVA (Asbestos Victims Compensation Fund) provides a guarantee of compensation to victims of asbestos contamination.

In this process of asbestos compensation, the intervention of the lawyer will allow you to be recognized as a victim, whose diseases have been unfairly caused by the irresponsibility of some. If you entrust me with your file, here is what I will do for you:

Helping you to gather the documents and strategic documents that will ensure compensation for your injury: exposure to asbestos and proven damage to health must be established.

Present your file to FIVA (Asbestos Indians Compensation Fund) and defend your interests.

Engage in an "inexcusable misconduct" proceeding against the employer who exposed you to the dangers of asbestos. If necessary, defend your rights to asbestos compensation under a provident contract with a private insurer.

Mesothelioma survival chances

Asbestosis or Mesothelioma is the most lethal cancer in men (with colorectal cancer and prostate cancer) and the second most deadly in women (after breast cancer and before colorectal cancer). It is generally between 50 and 65 years old, and smoking is implicated in 9 out of 10 cases.

37 deaths per 100,000 men

Specifically, the estimated mortality rate is 37 deaths per 100,000 men and 12.9 deaths per 100,000 women, with an estimated incidence of cancer of 51.7 per 100,000 men and 18.6 per 100,000 women. 100,000 women. In 2012, the National Cancer Institute (Inca) recorded 29,949 lung cancer deaths in metropolitan France, including 28,211 men and 11,284 women. Moreover, the average age of death in France is 66 years for men and 65 years for women.

The chances of survival depend on the stage of cancer

The chances of survival will depend on the stage at which the cancer is diagnosed. They will be higher if the cancer is detected at an early stage (stage 1 or 2) and will decrease if it is only discovered at stages 3 or 4, which means that the cancer has spread in the form of metastases to lymph nodes, pleura, other lung or other organs outside the thorax. Thus, according to the Inca, which relies on the results of the national PETRI study, the 5-year relative survival is 47% for a stage 1 diagnosis, 32% for stage 2, 22% for stage 3 and only 5% for stage 4. This means, for example, that a person diagnosed with stage 1 lung cancer will have a 47% chance of being alive 5 years after diagnosis.

Prognosis and survival for lung cancer

If you have lung cancer, you may have questions about your prognosis. A prognosis is the act by which the doctor best assesses how cancer will affect a person and how they will respond to treatment. Prognosis and survival depend on many factors. Only a doctor who is familiar with your medical history, the type of cancer you have, the stage and other characteristics of the disease, the treatments chosen, and the response to treatment can examine all of these data in conjunction with survival statistics. to arrive at a prognosis.

A prognostic factor is an aspect of the cancer or a characteristic of the person (such as his overall state of health) that the physician considers when making a prognosis. A predictor influences the way cancer responds to a certain treatment. Prognostic factors and predictive factors are often discussed together, and both play a role in the choice of treatment plan and prognosis.

The following are prognostic or predictive factors for lung cancer.


Stage is the most important prognostic factor for lung cancer. Early stages give a better prognosis than advanced stages.

Stages 0 and 1 of non-small cell lung cancer generally have a more favorable prognosis than stages 2, 3 or 4. Limited-stage small-cell lung cancer has a much better prognosis than extended-stage cancer.

Number and types of metastases

People with lung cancer who have only one metastasis have a better prognosis than those with multiple metastatic tumors. A metastasis unique to the brain can lead to a more favorable prognosis than multiple metastases in another part of the body.

Non-small cell lung cancer that has spread to the adrenal glands has a better prognosis than cancer that has spread to the brain or liver.

Small cell lung cancer that has spread to the brain has a less favorable prognosis than a cancer that has spread only to the bones or the mediastinum.


A person who has lost more than 5% of his body weight before treatment has a less favorable prognosis than a person who has not lost a lot of weight.

Functional index

The functional index is a measure of a person's ability to perform daily activities and routine tasks. People with a high functional index have a better prognosis than those with a low index.


The woman with lung cancer has a prognosis a little more encouraging than a man with the same disease.

Pulmonary disorders

A person who has lung problems has a less favorable prognosis. The pulmonary disorders can be these:

  • Collapse of a lung
  • Pulmonary infection (pneumonia)
  • Accumulation of fluid around the lung (pleural effusion)

Molecular markers

During the diagnostic process, several lung cancer tissue assays are performed to determine whether the cancer cell genes exhibit certain changes (mutations). These markers can predict to what extent non-small cell lung cancer could respond to specific treatments.

The epidermal growth factor receptor positive tumor (R-EGF) has too many R-EGF receptors. This cancer will react to drugs that block these receptors. Anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) is a gene that is mutated in a very small number of non-small cell lung cancers. The ALK-positive tumor reacts to drugs that block the signals that are transmitted by the ALK mutation. BRAF is a gene that controls cell signaling and growth. BRAF V600 mutations are observed in a very small number of non-small cell lung cancers. BRAF V600 positive tumors respond to drugs that interrupt the signals of BRAF V600 mutations.

Mesothelioma the lung cancer.

Mesothelioma the lung cancer.

Most people who has been exposed to asbestos may think it’s too late to take action or to avoid developing the unfamous mesothelioma and other asbestos-related cancers, but this is a common misconception. There are many actions you can take to lower your risk of cancer.

It has been a long battle against the industry using asbestos in many different materials, mainly insulation.

Because asbestos stands still in many places we live in and work, it is very important to educate everyone about asbestos safety. Asbestos awareness can help prevent most asbestos exposure, which can cause mesothelioma and other health issues.

During most of the 20th century, many manufacturers added toxic asbestos to tons of products. Many of these items, mainly building construction materials, can still be found in houses, and building of all kinds across the U.S. and Canada.

Workers in certain industries keep evolving in asbestos on the job, including works in shipyards, power plants, chemical plants or in the railroad and automotive industries.

For many decades, most sensitive workers and the publin in general had no idea about their asbestos exposure could lead to very serious diseases like maligant mesothelioma, lung cancer and asbestosis.

Some companies even voluntary hid the high health risks of asbestos from their unfortunate employees. Today, however, more people are aware of the dangers, especially those who work in industries that traditionally used the toxic mineral.

There may be now many rules and regulations, but the best way to avoid mesothelioma problems is too be aware of asbestos presence and take action against it by simply replacing the products with new safe materials.