What's in the water we drink at the tap?
In France, we are 67% to drink tap water every day, or almost. This is at least what the Water Information Center (C.l.eau) tells us in its report. This report on the habits of the French in 2018 also tells us that it is the young people from 18 to 24 and the 30 to 44 year olds living in apartments in the city, who consume the most. But what does this water contain? Do we really know it?
Tap water: purified water
Drawn from groundwater, rivers or lakes, tap water can have a lot of dirt, particles or pollutants. Therefore, before it can be consumed, it must first be purified.
70 quality criterias
To be considered potable, tap water is evaluated by more than 70 quality criteria. The latter are set in France by the Ministry of Health and appear in the Code of Public Health (orders of 11 January 2007 and 21 January 2010).
The Water Information Center (C.L.eau) recalls that the process of water quality control is drastic. It ensures that the water is not contaminated by chemical pollutants, bacteria, minerals, etc. In 2015, no less than 312,000 water samples were taken to ensure consumer safety.
Drinking filtered water
Despite these various government implementations, the risk of contamination is possible, so it is common to filter tap water. At home, different solutions exist such as filter jugs, Binchotan Japanese vegetable charcoal, clay balls or Moringa seeds.
In company, it is possible to use water fountains without cylinders, including those at Exquado.com, which connect directly to the water system. The filtration of the water will then be done directly inside the fountain.
What's in tap water
Throughout its journey, water is responsible for trace elements essential for the maintenance of human health.
How many times have we complained about the amount of limestone in tap water? However, it is useful for living because it contains calcium and magnesium. These two elements are particularly important for the health of our bones. This is why we must not neglect the contribution that a limestone water (at reasonable doses, less than 300 mg / l of water) can have. It will also avoid too much soften the water, to keep the contributions of it.
Salts in our glasses
Aluminum and chlorine salts are used in the purification process. Their function is to make the normally turbid waters clear and clear, but also to combat the different bacteria that may have developed there.
Although their use is now widely criticized, the authorities say they drastically control their presence and use.
Vestige of an old time
Before the campaign to replace the pipes in France, these were - for the most part - made of lead. The problem with this material is that it erodes and leaves microparticles in the water in contact. However, lead poisoning can cause an illness called lead poisoning.
The site Ameli.fr reminds us that "lead poisoning is characterized by the excessive presence of lead in the body. Lead enters the body through the respiratory and digestive tracts. It has harmful effects especially in children, as well as in pregnant women and their babies contaminated by blood ".
Pesticides, still pesticides
Burns, irritations, headaches or congenital malformations, this is what pesticides can produce in tap water. They are used to kill different species of animals, insects or plants in the fields. Unfortunately, once disseminated, chemicals seep into the earth to end up in the groundwater.
According to the Ministry of Solidarity and Health 92.5% of the French population has been supplied with water that meets the requirements in 2018. Nevertheless, a part of the population has had to coping with a restriction of food use in order to avoid health risks.